Dandruff is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. Dandruff is a very common skin condition that nearly all people experience at one point in their lives regardless of age or ethnicity. It affects the not just the scalp, but also the ears, eyebrows, sides of the nose, beard, and less commonly the central (often hair-bearing) part of the chest. Other names for dandruff are seborrheic dermatitis and seborrhea.
Although dandruff isn’t contagious and is rarely serious, it can be embarrassing and sometimes difficult to treat. For most teens and adults, dandruff symptoms are easy to spot: white, oily looking flakes of dead skin that dot your hair and shoulders, and a possibly itchy, scaly scalp. The exact cause of dandruff is unknown. Possible causes and associations include increased oil production and secretion, oily skin, and increased numbers of normal skin yeasts. Scientists have discovered that dandruff occurs when a yeast-like fungus called malassezia goes wild on your scalp. The microscopic malassezia fungus, a normal inhabitant on a healthy human head, feeds on the fatty oils secreted by hair follicles in the scalp. But sometimes, for reasons that are as yet unclear, the fungus grows out of control, causing irritation that actually speeds up cell turnover on the scalp. Bacteria have not been found to cause dandruff.
The condition may worsen during the fall and winter, when indoor heating can contribute to dry skin, and improve during the summer.
Remedies for Dandruff
Shampoo Each Day to Keep It Away: What easier way to get rid of dandruff than to wash it down the drain by using any shampoo like Zinc pyrithione shampoos (such as Head & Shoulders, Jason Dandruff), Tar-based shampoos, Shampoos containing salicylic acid, Selenium sulfide shampoos .
Lemon wash: Take peels of around 3-4 lemons and boil them in water. After the solution cools down, apply it on your hair and then rinse it off. Repeat this activity at least twice a week and see the change.
Coconut Oil: Coconut oil helps eliminate dandruff due to its anti-fungal properties. It also moisturizes dry scalp and provides relief from itching.
Aloe Vera: Aloe Vera repairs raw and broken skin on the scalp caused due to repeated itching. Aloe Vera gel also has anti bacterial and anti fungal properties. It acts like a clarifying agent on our scalp and keeps dandruff out.
Neem: Another age old recipe for countless ailments is the good old neem. Neem leaves are an excellent antibiotic, antiseptic, antibacterial and anti fungal agent. Neem has been successfully used to treat numerous scalp and hair-related problems like lice, hair fall, scalp allergies and irritations.